Agarwood is a high value non-timber forest product, produced from natural infestation and artificial inoculation with microorganism. Seven genera, Aquilaria, Gyrinops, Aetoxylon, Gonystylus, Eukbia, Wikstroemia and Paleria have been known as source of agarwood. However, current primary producer of agarwood are from Aquilaria and Gyrinops. Since the value of this NTFP is relatively high, the collections of agarwood from the wild since last two decades have been severe and the method of collection is mostly unsustainable.
Unsustainable collection and the presence of various disturbances of the habitat have made the population and habitat of the species and genera of Aquilaria and Gyrinops rapidly decreased and in some extent may have gone to extinct. In order to conserve and rescue the species, population and habitats, several field actions are needed to be carried out. Reviews of on the status of the species, population and habitats have been conducted. Some necessary information may have not been incorporated in this review, however the status of conservation of the species, population and habitat in general have been captured in the review.
Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehutanan
Forestry Research and Development Agency (FORDA)